Diagnosis of Endometriosis
Physical examination and a study of the health history of the patient reveals the need if any for further examination. Imaging tests can help to locate endometriotic areas and cysts. Presence of fluid in the cul-de-sac will also be identified. Even if imaging tests yield negative results, endometriosis cannot be ruled out because the affected areas are often very small and difficult to detect. MRI and ultrasound are the imaging tests normally used.
Surgical diagnosis is the only way to confirm endometriosis. The appearance should be substantiated with a biopsy. Treatment can be done during surgery (laparoscopy) undertaken for diagnosing the disease.